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This post is part of a series of posts focused on teaching your children about the Divine Service. For an introduction to this series, please click here.
For The Preparation, click here.
For The Entrance Rite, click here.
For The Liturgy of the Word, click here.
For The Preparation of the Table, click here.
For The Liturgy of the Lord’s Supper – Part 1, click here.
The Latin for “holy,” the Sanctus is what we sing in adoration and praise of our Lord Jesus Christ who comes to us with His true body and blood under the bread and wine of the Sacrament.
Holy, holy, holy Lord God of Sabaoth;
heav’n and earth are full of Thy glory.
Hosanna, hosanna, hosanna in the highest.
Blessed is He, blessed is He, blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord.
Hosanna, hosanna, hosanna in the highest.
As the congregation joins together in loud, triumphant voice, you may notice your little ones sounding those loud hosanna proclamations as well. The joy of such simple words can be felt by young and old alike. This ancient song that Christ may have well sung is on our lips, and we can see it in two locations in Scripture.
We first start in Isaiah:
And one called to another and said:
“Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts;
the whole earth is full of His glory!”
Isaiah 6:3 ESV
These words, quoted in John’s Revelation, are the words of ceaseless worship. Truly our Lord is holy above all, and we remember in our Baptism this righteousness He has poured out on us, which we are about to receive in His Supper.
The second half we find in Psalm 118:
Save us, we pray, O LORD!
O LORD, we pray, give us success!
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD!
We bless you from the house of the LORD.
Psalm 118:25–26 ESV
Our cries of hosanna can be seen in verse 25: “Save us, we pray, O LORD!” This is a beautiful declaration. We proclaim who Christ is (2nd Commandment) in the beginning of the Sanctus and then proclaim our understanding that we need Him in our cries of hosanna.
To help your children learn about the Sanctus, consider the following ideas:
- Watch this video with your children and sing along!
- Read through the scriptural texts above and teach them about how we apply those teachings to the Divine Service.
- Teach your children about the meaning of hosanna in Psalm 118:25—“Save us, we pray, O LORD!”
The Lord’s Prayer
The Lord’s Prayer has always been included in the Liturgy of the Lord’s Supper, and we can see direct connections in the realities of what happens in the Sacrament of the Altar and in the petitions of the Lord’s Prayer. Let’s look at the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Petitions and how we would make these connections to our children.
Give us this day our daily bread.
Not only does God richly and daily provide for us every day in our every need, but he also provides for us in His Word and the faithful men He has sent to proclaim that Word to us. He has also given us our daily bread in the Lord’s Supper, for in His true body and blood do we find everlasting life.
And forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.
Forgiveness is a direct promise of our Lord, and we hear of this promise in the Verba (Words of Institution) after the Lord’s Prayer. As we pray for daily bread and forgiveness, so, too, does the Lord deliver our sustenance and forgiveness in His true body and blood.
And lead us not into temptation.
We can now see, in this Sixth Petition, the connection to the Lord’s Supper that we hear as the pastor releases us from the table: “The body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ strengthen and preserve you in body and soul to life everlasting.” In the Lord’s body and blood, we receive this strengthening that we pray to the Father for, that is to hold onto “the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 1:3 ESV).
Consider asking your children the following things:
- What is our daily bread? How has Jesus supplied this to us?
- Where do we receive forgiveness of sins?
- Where do we see these in the Lord’s Prayer and the Sacrament of the Altar?
Verba and Pax Domini
P Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and said: “Take, eat; this is My ☩ body, which is given for you. This do in remembrance of Me.”
P In the same way also He took the cup after supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying: “Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new testament in My ☩ blood, which is shed for you for the forgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
The Verba (Latin for “the words”), or as most of us know it, the Words of Institution, are spoken over the bread and the wine as your pastor consecrates (sets apart) the elements for God’s use. Christ gives us His true body and blood under the bread and wine.
After speaking the Verba over the elements, the Pastor will turn towards the congregation (if he is not behind a freestanding altar), elevate the consecrated elements, and speak or chant the Pax Domini:
P The peace of the Lord be with you always.
This greeting is the same greeting that Jesus gave His disciples on Easter (John 20:19 ESV). This peace rests in us because Christ dwells in us.
To teach your children about the Verba and Pax Domini, consider these ideas:
- Read The Lord’s Supper on pages 392–394 of The Story Bible with your children and answer the questions on page 394.
- Tell your children to watch the pastor and the congregation during the consecration. Ask them why they think they pastor does the different things that he does and why the congregation does the things that they do during the consecration?
We are almost at the end of the Divine Service—only one more post to go! We would love to hear from you. How have you taught your children what happens during the Liturgy of the Lord’s Supper?
God’s blessings as you teach your children “the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 1:3 ESV).
Selections from Divine Service, Setting Three, come from Lutheran Service Book, copyright © 2006 Concordia Publishing House. Used by Permission.
To learn more about the Divine Service, pick up a copy of Heaven on Earth: The Gifts of Christ in the Divine Service from Concordia Publishing House.
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